You are currently browsing the tag archive for the ‘Yemen’ tag.

By MARISSA GOLDFADEN

Last Thursday, Minority Rights Group International (MRG) put out their annual Peoples Under Threat report, an “authoritative rankings table which highlights those countries around the world where the risk of mass killing is greatest.” The fact that this table cites not only the countries at risk, but the specific ethnic groups and minorities within those countries, makes it a valuable resource for genocide/mass atrocity preventers. This is the seventh year the list has been compiled. It is notable that, “Almost all the significant episodes of civilian killing that occurred over the last year took place in countries which were near the top of, or major risers in, 2011’s Peoples Under Threat table.”

Though the Arab Spring started out hopeful in late December 2010, a year and a half later, the outlook and the reality are grim. As such, countries in the Middle East and North Africa feature prominently in the major risers–particularly Syria, Libya, Yemen, and Egypt; while none of these countries made it into the top 10, they’ve all risen significantly in rank over the past two years or are new to the list. Says MRG Executive Director Mark Lattimer, “The huge changes taking place across the Middle East and North Africa, while increasing hopes for democratisation, represent for both religious and ethnic minorities perhaps the most dangerous episode since the violent break-up of the Soviet Union and the former Yugoslavia.”

Also of great consequence is the fact that South Sudan is the highest riser, ranking 8th on the list of Peoples Most Under Threat. The peoples at risk within the country are the MurleNuerDinkaAnuakJie, and Kachipo. (We previously wrote on this blog about clashes between the Lou Nuer and the Murle back in January.) Not yet 11 months old, South Sudan has already experienced two major armed conflicts and ranks high in indicators of group division: “massive movement – refugees and IDPs,” “legacy of vengeance – group grievance,” and “rise of factionalized elites.”

Click here to listen to an interview with MRG Executive Director Mark Lattimer.

Photo: unmultimedia.org

Advertisements

* The government of Chad refused to execute international arrest warrants for Sudanese president Omar al-Bashir upon his visit to the country today. Bashir is wanted by the International Criminal Court for crimes against humanity, war crimes, and genocide, and Chad, as a state party to the ICC, is obligated by international law to arrest him. Chad’s government maintains that an internal African Union agreement allows them to ignore the warrants.

* Nine former Salvadoran soldiers and military officials wanted for crimes they allegedly committed during El Salvador‘s civil war are fighting extradition to Spain. They are accused of being involved in the killings of six Spanish Jesuit priests and two other civilians in 1989.

* Calls by Burma’s vice president for renewed peace talks between the government and ethnic rebels are being met with skepticism from some rebel groups. The joint-secretary of one such group, the Kachin Independence Organization, believes that the calls are likely just propaganda in response to international pressure. Ceasefire agreements between a number of armed ethnic groups and the Burmese government broke down recently, leading to fresh fighting.

 * The United Nations Security Council issued a statement expressing “grave concern” over the worsening economic and humanitarian situation in Yemen. They requested that all parties within the country, including al-Qaeda and the government, allow the uninterrupted flow of humanitarian assistance to reach those in need.

Photos (from top): mtholyoke.edu, sfgate.com, philippinenewsdaily.com

Twitter Updates

Advertisements